I wrote the blog post that introduced Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) fifteen years in the past at the moment. In that put up, I made it clear that the service was accessed by way of APIs and that it was focused at builders, outlined a number of key options, and shared pricing info. Builders discovered that put up, began to jot down code to retailer and retrieve objects utilizing the S3 API, and the remaining is historical past!

As we speak, I’m completely happy to announce that S3 now shops over 100 trillion (1014, or 100,000,000,000,000) objects, and commonly peaks at tens of hundreds of thousands of requests per second. That’s virtually 13,000 objects for every individual on the earth, or 50 objects for each one of many roughly two trillion galaxies (in response to this 2021 estimate) within the Universe.

A Easy Begin
Trying again on that launch, we made a number of decisions which have confirmed to be appropriate, and that made it simple for builders to grasp and get began with S3 in minutes:

We began with a easy conceptual mannequin: Uniquely named buckets that might maintain any variety of objects, every recognized by a string key. The preliminary API was equally easy: create a bucket, checklist all buckets, put an object, get an object, and put an entry management checklist. This simplicity helped us to keep away from any one-way doorways and left a number of room for us to evolve S3 in response to buyer suggestions. All of these selections stay legitimate and code written on launch day will nonetheless work simply fantastic at the moment.

After discussing many alternative pricing fashions (mentioned at size in Working Backwards) we selected a cost-following mannequin. As Colin and Bill mentioned:

With price following, regardless of the developer did with S3, they might use it in a method that may meet their necessities, and they might attempt to reduce their price and, subsequently, our price too. There could be no gaming of the system, and we wouldn’t need to estimate how the legendary common buyer would use S3 to set our costs.

In accord with the cost-following mannequin, we’ve lowered the price per GB-month of S3 many occasions, and have additionally launched storage classes that assist you to pay even much less to retailer knowledge that you simply reference solely sometimes (S3 Glacier and S3 Glacier Deep Archive), or for knowledge that you could re-create if essential (S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access). We additionally added S3 Intelligent-Tiering to observe entry patterns and to maneuver objects to an applicable storage tier robotically.

Giving builders the flexibility to simply retailer as a lot knowledge as they wished to, with a easy pricing mannequin, was a extremely massive deal. As New York Occasions author John Markoff mentioned in Software Out There shortly after S3 was launched:

Amazon just lately launched an internet storage service known as S3, which presents knowledge storage for a month-to-month charge of 15 cents a gigabyte. That frees a programmer constructing a brand new software or service on the Web from having to create a doubtlessly pricey knowledge storage system.

Sturdiness was designed in from the start. Again in 2010 I explained what we imply after we say that S3 is designed to offer “11 9’s” (99.999999999%) of sturdiness. We knew from the beginning that {hardware}, software program, and community failures occur all the time, and constructed S3 to deal with them transparently and gracefully. For instance, we robotically make use of a number of storage arrays, racks, cells, and Availability Zones (77 and counting).

We had an equally sturdy dedication to safety, and have at all times thought of it to be “job zero.” As you may see from the checklist beneath, we proceed to refine and enhance the array of safety choices and options that you need to use to guard the info that you simply retailer in S3.

Days after we launched S3, instruments, functions, and websites started to pop up. As we had hoped and anticipated, many of those have been wholly unanticipated and it was (and nonetheless is) at all times a delight to see what builders provide you with.

As we speak, 15 years later, S3 continues to empower and encourage builders, and lets them concentrate on innovation!

By way of the Years
I’m usually requested to decide on a favourite service, launch, or function. As a result of I prefer to be inclusive quite than unique, that is at all times troublesome for me! With that mentioned, listed here are a few of what I imagine are probably the most vital additions to S3:

FundamentalsVersioning, Event Notifications, Select, Access Points, S3 on Outposts, and Strong Consistency.

Storage CoursesS3 Glacier, S3 Standard-Infrequent Access, S3 Intelligent-Tiering, and S3 Glacier Deep Archive.

Storage AdministrationCross-Region Replication, Same-Region Replication, Replication Time Control, Replication to Multiple Destination, Lifecycle Policies, Object Tagging, Storage Class Analysis, Inventory, CloudWatch Metrics, and Batch Operations.

SafetyBlock Public Access, Access Analyzer, Macie, GuardDuty, Object Ownership, and PrivateLink.

Knowledge MotionImport/Export, Snowmobile, Snowball, and Snowcone.

Remember to take a look at the S3 15 Launches Infographic for a extra visually interesting, chronological tackle the final 15 years.

S3 As we speak
With greater than 100 trillion objects in S3 and an virtually unimaginably broad set of use instances, we proceed to get requests for extra options. As at all times, we hear with care and do our greatest to fulfill the wants of our clients.

We additionally proceed to profile, evaluate, and enhance each a part of the S3 implementation with a watch towards enhancing efficiency, scale, and reliability. Which means that S3 (and each AWS service, for that matter) will get higher “beneath your feet” over time, with no API modifications and no downtime for upgrades. As a easy instance, we just lately established a method to dramatically scale back latency for (imagine it or not) 0.01% of the PUT requests made to S3. Whereas this may seem to be a tiny win, it was truly a a lot larger one. First, it averted a state of affairs the place buyer requests would day out and retry. Second, it supplied our builders with some insights that they are able to use to additional scale back latency on this and presumably different conditions.

Extra in Retailer this Week
Pi Week LogoMy colleagues have been cooking up a number of fascinating content material that will help you be taught much more about S3 throughout Pi Week. It is a free, stay, digital 4-day occasion that provides you the chance to listen to AWS leaders and consultants speak in regards to the historical past of AWS and the important thing selections that have been made as we constructed and developed S3. Different periods will present you find out how to use S3 to manage prices and repeatedly optimize your spend whilst you construct fashionable, scalable functions.

Werner Vogels has even interviewed among the senior architects and leaders of S3. Right here’s what we’ve in retailer (I’ll add the hyperlinks every day because the movies are revealed):

Foundations of Cloud Infrastructure – Mai-Lan Tomsen Bukovec, VP, Block and Object Storage.

Constructing an Evolvable System – Mai-Lan Tomsen Bukovec.

Accelerating Knowledge Motion – Invoice Vass, VP, Storage, Automation, and Administration.

Safety is Job Zero – Eric Brandwine, VP, Safety.

On to the Subsequent 15
And with that, I look ahead to the following 15 years within the progress and evolution of S3!


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